1. The word Syntax is a Greek word which means arrangement.
Syntax, in grammar, is that part of it which treats of the relations
of words to each other in a sentence.
Syntax is usually divided into two parts, which are called Concord and
(i) Concord means agreement. The chief concords in grammar are those
of the Verb with its Subject; the Adjective with its Noun; one Noun with another Noun; the
Pronoun with the Noun
it stands for; the Relative with its Antecedent.
(ii) Government means the influence
that one word has upon another. The chief kinds of Government are those of a
Transitive Verb and a Noun; a Preposition and a Noun.